The crew was a partnership between University of Edinburgh and Royal Navy. HMS Challenger was specially outfillted with equipment for deep sea exploration.
Ship's Company (Approximately twenty naval officers, which included surgeons and engineers)
Captain (Sir) George Nares: (24 April 1831–15 January 1915) A British naval officer and Arctic explorer
For more on the family of George Nares see: http://www.nares.net/george_strong_nares_1831.htm
(Sir) Charles Wyville Thomson: (5 March 1830--10 March 1882) A professor of Natural History in Edinburgh